Facts About Brazil - 25 Interesting things you should know !
Facts about Brazil - Take a quick read of the 25 interesting and fun facts about Brazil the largest country in South America. With a population of approx 210 million and home of huge and exciting cities such as Rio de Janeiro or São Paulo. Brazil is a tropical and diverse country with the official language of Portuguese.
So lets have a look as some interesting facts about Brazil.
1. The largest country in both South America and Latin America
2. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world, and third largest in the Americas.
3. It is officially called the Federative Republic of Brazil.
4. It is likely that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
5. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems with at least 40,000 plant species.
6. Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808.
7. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system.
8. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Unasul, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, CPLP, and the Latin Union.
9. Brazil has been the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years.
10. The Portuguese encountered indigenous peoples divided into several tribes, most of whom spoke languages of the Tupi–Guarani family, and fought among themselves.
11. By the end of the 17th century, sugarcane exports began to decline, and the discovery of gold by Bandeirantes in the 1690s would become the new backbone of the colony's economy, fostering a Brazilian Gold Rush which attracted thousands of new settlers to Brazil from Portugal and all Portuguese colonies around the world.
12. Brazil occupies a large area along the eastern coast of South America and includes much of the continent's interior, sharing land borders with Uruguay to the south; Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest; Bolivia and Peru to the west; Colombia to the northwest; and Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and France (French overseas region of French Guiana) to the North.
13. Brazil is the only country in the world that has the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn running through it.
14. It is also the only country to have contiguous territory both inside and outside the tropics.
15. Brazil has a dense and complex system of rivers, one of the world's most extensive, with eight major drainage basins, all of which drain into the Atlantic.
16. Major rivers include the Amazon (the world's second-longest river and the largest in terms of volume of water), the Paraná and its major tributary the Iguaçu (which includes the Iguazu Falls), the Negro, São Francisco, Xingu, Madeira and Tapajós rivers.
17. The form of government is that of a democratic federative republic, with a presidential system.
18. Brazilian law is based on Roman-Germanic traditions and civil law concepts prevail over common law practice.
19. Brazil has become the fourth largest car market in the world.
20. Pico da Neblina is the tallest mountain in Brazil at 2995 metres. It is part of the Serra do Imeri in the state of Amazonas on the Brazil–Venezuela border.
21. Before Brazil was discovered by the Europeans there were over 1000 different languages and today there are still around 180 languages are used today by indigenous settlements.
22. Brazil was the first country in the world to ban the use of sunbeds.
23. In Prisons in Brazil a prisoner can reduce the sentence by 4 days for each book they read.
24. Brazil has 2498 airports and is the country with the second largest amount after the United States.
25. Between the years 1808 to 1821 Rio de Janeiro was actually the capital city of Portugal being the only ever non European capital city.
Please add any facts missing in the comments section and we will be happy to update the article - Facts about Brazil.