Florianópolis Guide - An Introduction to the city of Florianópolis
Location - Florianópolis Guide
Florianópolis Guide - In Brazil's southern region’s smallest state, the state of Santa Catarina, lays its beautiful coastal capital, the city of Florianópolis, also known as Floripa to the locals. Located on the main island named Ilha de Santa Catarina, at the approximate aptitude of 3 meters above sea level, on the mainland and on smaller islands, divided by two bays.
Florianópolis is surrounded by an extremely diverse and unique mix of vegetation and forest types extended inland and by the Atlantic Ocean from the north, east and south; with a warm humid subtropical climate and more than 42 beaches included, this amazing city is also the capital of surfing.
History - Florianópolis Guide
Florianópolis Guide - The first inhabitants of the Florianópolis area were the indigenous tribes of Carijós Indians, who lived there for approximately four thousand years. The origin of the name Santa Catarina Island, or Ilha de Santa Catarina, dates back to the early years of 16th century, when the first Portuguese explorers have disembarked on the nearby shores. At the beginning, the main Santa Catarina Island’s purpose was supplying the vessels with various goods, which usually went to the River Plate basin.
In the year of 1673, bandeirante Francisco Dias Velho's agricultural company had arrived to the area and made its first settlement. Five years later, they constructed a chapel devoted to Nossa Senhora do Desterro, with which the area began its era of colonial settlement. In order to maintain Portuguese influence, in the year of 1714 the settlement’s status was promoted to village and changed its name to Nossa Senhora do Desterro. Twelve years later, the Portuguese Crown had elevated the status again, now to the category of town.
The town and its port were situated halfway between Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires. That position made it strategically functional, and when the Capitania da Ilha de Santa Catarina was founded, Nossa Senhora do Desterro became its capital. At the middle of 18th century, a significant growth of the town’s population had been recorded, with thousands of people migrating from the Archipelago of Azores and from Madeira Island, which was resulted in town’s industrial, agricultural and commercial development. In the year of 1823, Nossa Senhora do Desterro became the capital of Santa Catarina province, thus resulted in enjoyment of both urban and political prosperity.
Four years after the proclamation of Brazilian Republic, the Federalist Riograndense revolution had began, which lasted for two years. In order to fulfill their plans of overthrowing the government of president marshal Floriano Peixoto, also known as the Iron Marshal, rebel movement from Grande do Sul proclaimed Nossa Senhora do Desterro as the Federalist Capital of the Republic. Regardless of the efforts of the rebel organization, Marshal overpowered them.
Many people were executed, by the marshal’s orders, in the infamous Anhatomirim Island Fortress. In the year of 1895, right after the war, the city of Nossa Senhora do Desterro showed its appreciation to the marshal by changing its name after him, to Florianópolis.
General facts - Florianópolis Guide
Florianópolis Guide - Florianopolis is spread all over the area of 433.32 km2 with three bridges, which links the island to the continent. This city enjoys a warm humid subtropical climate; with an average temperature of 9°C during winter and 32°C during summer. Visitors mostly pay a visit to the north side of the island, while south part of the island is mostly filled with well preserved Azorean customs.
This city is famous for its beautiful beaches, astonishing scenery; folklore, culinary and religious traditions. Information Technology and the Tourism industry are the main contributors to local gross product along with many other sectors of the service industry. With several technology centers Florianopolis has been known as the “Silicon Valley of Brazil”.
Landmarks - Florianópolis Guide
Florianópolis Guide - One of the most iconic landmarks in Florianopolis is the famous Hercílio Luz Bridge, which connects the Santa Catarina Island with the continental part of the city. This remarkable bridge was the first constructed bridge in Florianopolis, among other two bridges found in the city.
It was built on 13th May on the year of 1926. Total length of 819.471 meters makes it the longest suspension bridge in Brazil. The famous Metropolitan Cathedral, named Our Lady of Exile, also known as Nossa Senhora do Desterro, also represents one of the majestic landmarks in Florianopolis.
Among many others, the most popular sculpture, found inside of the Cathedral, is named the Flight into Egypt, which was carved by Tirolean sculptor Ferdinand Demetz. This wonderful sculpture represents an escape from Herod’s threat. This marvelous building is located on a lovely Praça 15 de Novembro square, and during its existence of over 300 years, Our Lady of Exile has undergone several restorations.
Situated near the same square, on the Victor Meireles road, is the birthplace of the local artist, Victor Meireles. This remarkable landmark features his documents, drawings and studies. Located on the University campus, the famous Museum of Anthropology represents another remarkable landmark in Florianopolis. It displays numerous skeletons and artifacts, which once belonged to the native Indians, along with tools and domestic equipment used by the Azorean settlers.
Another notable landmark is Fort Santana, which was built in the year of 1750. Located near the Hercílio Luz Bridge, this great fort features Museum of Weapons of the Military Police. There are also other major forts, such as the Nossa Senhora da Conceição, which was built in the year of 1641; and the Santa Cruz do Anhatomirim, famous by the numerous executions made under the order of the Iron Marshal, was built in the year of 1744. Situated within the middle region of the main island, its largest lagoon, known as Conceição lagoon, represents one of the most beautiful natural landmarks in Florianopolis.
The stunning surroundings of this astonishing lagoon are formed out of mountains, beaches and dunes. Another notable representation of the historical landmarks found throughout the city is the Cruz e Sousa Palace.
It features both Santa Catarina Historical Museum and the Santa Catarina Historical and Geographic Institute. Even though it was built in 18th century, the exterior of this palace was modified several times, which reflects in its both unique baroque and astonishing neoclassical architectural style.
General specifications - Florianópolis Guide
Florianópolis Guide - According to IBGE (The Brazilian Institute for Geography and statistics in the year of 2010, urban population in Florianopolis was estimated to 421.240 inhabitants and had grown 23.4% over the previous decade, metropolis area population is estimated to 1.096.476 inhabitants, with density of 970 people per square kilometer. Florianopolis population literacy level is estimated to 97%. The industrial area of Florianopolis is situated at the continental part of the city, in the suburbs named São José and Palhoƈa. Its production is mostly focused on manufacturing plastics, pharmaceuticals, electrical communications equipment and perfumes. There is also an industrial sector for metal processing.
Prices in Florianopolis are evaluated as average, while prices on groceries vary from moderate low to average, depending on the location, while prices on rents, clothing and shoes are evaluated as very high.
Places to go - Florianópolis Guide
Florianópolis Guide - Besides its noticeable high standard of living, this city has numerous attractive activities to offer. One of them is a popular surfing on the magnificent waves by the numerous shiny beaches, such as Praia Mole, Barra da Lagoa, Praia da Joaquina, and many others. Other popular attractions are sand boarding, trekking and horseback riding on the beautiful sand dunes, located between Ingleses Beach and Santinho Beach.
There are also organized boat tours for people interested in visiting smaller islands. For the people who seek adrenaline, there are also many parachuting clubs in the area, but for nature enthusiasts, hiking along the southern part of the island, especially along the beautiful beach of Lagoinha do Leste, is always a good solution. Florianopolis is also famous for its exciting festival of Azorean origin, celebrated in Barra da Lagoa.
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